Indian coastline supports almost 30% of its human
population being dependent on the rich exploitable
coastal and marine resources. The Bay of Bengal and the
Arabian sea continue to be a rich fishing ground in the
South Asian region and India contributes to be the 7th
largest marine fishing nation in the world.
coastline also supports the World’s largest mangrove in Sundarban and the rich coral formations of Andaman
Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Gulf of Kuthch and Gulf of Mannar.
A number of Sustainable Development initiatives have
taken place in all government sectors of India.
National Conservation Strategy (NCS) formulated in 1990
has six primary principles to achieve the sustainable
development (SD), they are; Stabilization of population
growth, Integrated land use and water management,
Conservation of biological diversity, Sustainable energy
and resource utilization, Pollution control, and
Improvement of human habitats.
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