India, the land of
Spiritual awakening and self discovery has a very ancient history dating
back to 5000 years. It is one of the worlds largest democracy, The world's
seventh largest country in area and India ranks second only to China among
the world's most populous countries.
India is home to several major religions and the quest for her riches had
led to the discovery of America by the European explorers. India is a
Sovereign, Secular, Socialist Republic consisting of 28 states and 7 union
territories. She is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Indian
Ocean in the South and the Bay of Bengal on her East. India occupies more
than 3 million sq km (1 million sq mi), encompassing a varied landscape
rich in natural resources.
The Indian Peninsula forms a rough triangle framed on the north by the
world's highest mountains, the Himalayas, and on the east, south, and west
by oceans. Its topography varies from the barren dunes of the Thar desert
to the dense tropical forests of rain-drenched Assam state. Much of India,
however, consists of fertile river plains and high plateaus. Several major
rivers, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus, flow through India.
Arising in the northern mountains and carrying rich alluvial soil to the
plains below, these mighty rivers have supported agriculture-based
civilizations for thousands of years.
The length of India from north to south is 3,050 km (1,900 mi); from east
to west it is 2,950 km (1,830 mi). India also has two island chains, each
forming its own union territory. The Andaman and Nicobar island chain lies
east of the mainland between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The
Lakshadweep island group is located off India's southwest coast.
Excluding the portions of Jammu and Kashmir claimed by India but occupied
by Pakistan and China, India has an area of 3,165,596 sq km (1,222,243 sq
mi). India's land frontier-the length of its border with other
countries-measures more than 15,200 km (9,400 mi). It also has 7,600 km
(4,700 mi) of coastline, including the island territories.
Climate varies from temperate in the North to tropical monsoon. in the
South. She is rich natural resources, flora and fauna too. Her inhabitants
speak 24 languages each spoken by a million or more persons; numerous
other languages and dialects exists but the predominant among them is
Hindi, spoken by 30% of the population mostly in the North.
The level of education, communications and transportation is well
developed when compared to other countries in the South Asia region. India
accounts for nearly 10 million internet users and is slated to grow 25
million by the year 2007.
Having a diverse culture , India is known for its unity in diversity. 7000
kms of her shoreline are laden with maritime ports chief among them are
Mumbai ( Bombay), Kochi (Cochin), Chennai ( Madras) and Kolkotta
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